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Karen Ford Early childhood education can play an essential role in preparing young English language learners ELLs for later success in school.
Reaching Learn how preschools can recruit ELL families. But how can early childhood educators know if their programs are providing children with the skills they need? This article will describe some of the methods and strategies that research has proven effective in preparing young ELLs for kindergarten.
Children need explicit instruction in English vocabulary, as well as opportunities to hear and speak the language throughout the day. Examples of strategies are listed below.
Language Provide explicit, systematic instruction in vocabulary. Children require multiple exposures to words in order to develop a rich understanding of their meaning and use.
Teachers should make a point of introducing interesting new words for children to learn into each classroom activity Tabors, Ensure that ELLs have ample opportunities to talk with both adults and peers and provide ongoing feedback and encouragement.
English language learners need lots of opportunities to engage in social interactions with other children, but they also need support from adults as they develop the language skills they need to negotiate those interactions Ballantyne et al.
You can use the following strategies to foster social interaction: Encourage child talk by providing prompts when children need help in expressing themselves e. Use open questions, or questions that can have multiple answers, to help ELLs expand their own utterances e.
Expose ELLs to rich language input. Exposure to rich language, whether through shared book reading or through teacher talk, has been shown to enhance children's oral language development Aukrust, ; National Early Literacy Panel, Structure the classroom space and routine to provide scaffolding for ELLs' language learning.
Arrange the classroom in a way that supports each type of instructional activity that will take place, and then keep changes to the physical environment to a minimum. Once ELLs learn which activities take place in various parts of the classroom e. Encourage continued L1 language development.
Strong L1 skills support both language and literacy learning in English: Encourage parents to talk and read to their children in their home language as a way of strengthening children's L1 language skills. Incorporate children's home language in the classroom when possible.
Songs and videos can be used effectively for this purpose if teachers do not speak their students' language Gillanders, English Language Learners in Preschool, Pre-K, and Kindergarten. Tips for Working with English Language Learners I have two great passions in life, one is teaching early childhood and the other is teaching English Language Learners.
Preschool English Language Learners (ESL) Lesson Plans & Activities. Assessment, Placement, & Strategy Resources. Get access to thousands of lesson plans Join us. Assessment and Placement.
39 lessons. Classroom Materials. lessons. Instructional Strategies. 2 Teaching Strategies®System for Preschool: English- and Dual-Language Learners By following best practices, early childhood teachers intentionally promote children’s acquisition of English.
Writing Instruction for ELLs What does it take to help English language learners (ELLs) become successful writers? This section offers a number of ideas and resources from veteran educators and researchers for students of all ages and proficiency levels.
Early childhood education can play an essential role in preparing young English language learners (ELLs) for later success in school.
Children who have an opportunity to develop basic foundational skills in language and literacy in preschool enter kindergarten ready to learn to read and write. Welcome to this Colorin Colorado webcast, Preschool for English Language Learners.
In the first three sections, we discussed instruction of young English Language Learners, or ELL's, and professional development.