Digmaang Tagalog by the Spanish,  was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Spain - including its Spanish Empire and Spanish colonial authorities in the Spanish East Indies. The Philippine Revolution began in Augustwhen the Spanish authorities discovered the Katipunanan anti-colonial secret organization.
Beginning with the assassination in l of the popular opposition leader Senator Benigno Ninoy Aquino, the movement against Marcos grew rapidly. Imprisoned for seven years by Marcos, Aquino had experienced a deep conversion in his concentrated study of the Bible and Gandhi.
This led him to begin advocating a nonviolent revolution against dictatorship. His subsequent martyrdom fueled the determination of many Filipinos to continue in his radical nonviolent path. I felt a strong affinity with this emerging movement. I had taught social ethics at Union Theological Seminary in the Philippines for thirteen years.
Coming from the southern US where I was part of the civil rights struggle, the parallels with the Philippine situation were strong: Martin Luther King, Jr. The nuns asked the Goss-Mayrs, a French-Austrian couple, to come to the Philippines to help assess the situation. They came and met with church leaders the country is over ninety percent Christianpeasants, labor and student leaders and community organizers.
Out of these meetings came the decision to build a nonviolent movement that would oppose the dictatorship.
Long active in anti-war efforts and the civil rights movement, I returned to the Philippines and joined in the nonviolence trainings, accompanied by Stefan Merken, Jewish pacifist, photographer and writer also active in the IFOR.
Our efforts spread over a wide swath of Luzon, the main island of the Philippines.
We traveled by public bus from place to place where our workshops were held: The trainings were for invited persons only and were not publicly announced or noticed. Long active in anti-war efforts and the civil rights movement, I returned to the Philippines and joined in the nonviolence trainings.
We did role plays, where participants would take assigned parts, such as a tenant farmer dealing with an oppressive landlord, or a worker stopped by an armed soldier for questioning.
Participants shared their opinions and experiences and began to feel strength that came from verbalizing and acting out internal struggles that often had been held in silence. Learning of what had happened in India, in the US and other places was a powerful incentive for action. Ordinary people had done extraordinary things creating a contagion out of which movements had been born.
Merken fascinated the participants with his Jewish perspective on biblical nonviolence. There was universal disgust with dictatorship but some thought one just had to passively endure it. Others refused to sanction violence even in a just struggle.
But some had heard that I was part of monthly vigils against the Vietnam War; others had been my students in seminary and had seen me at student demonstrations favoring democracy. The workshop became a safe place where these contradictory ideas and accusations were aired.
Along with vigorous discussion were also moments of humor that joined us together in shared laughter. Through it all, the examination of Gandhi, King and Aquino led to an emerging understanding that, as Dr.
The martyrdom of Senator Aquino heightened the determination of the people to end their long tyranny. Maybe his death was a signpost, not another dead end.Philippine Society and Revolution is an attempt to present in a comprehensive way from the standpoint of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought the main strands of Philippine history, the basic problem of the Filipino people, the prevailing social structure and the strategy and tactics and.
The Philippine Revolution La Solidaridad. Our aspirations are modest, very modest. Our program, aside from being simple, is clear: to combat reaction, to stop all retrogressive steps, to extol and adopt liberal ideas, to defend progress; in a word, to be a propagandist, above all, of democratic ideas in order to make these supreme in all.
The Philippine-American War, – After its defeat in the Spanish-American War of , Spain ceded its longstanding colony of the Philippines to the United States in the Treaty of Paris. On February 4, , just two days before the U.S.
Senate ratified the treaty, fighting broke out between American forces and Filipino nationalists led by . Philippine Revolution: Philippine Revolution, (–98), Filipino independence struggle that, after more than years of Spanish colonial rule, exposed the weakness of Spanish administration but failed to evict Spaniards from the islands.
The Spanish-American War brought Spain’s rule in the Philippines to a close in. Being debt free, poverty free, corruption free or crime free are not impossible standards. There are some countries in this planet, though not perfect, that have achieved these freedoms.
In reaction to this non-recognition, the Filipino government proclaimed its constitution on January 27, Three films in this presentation were shot in during the Philippine Revolution: Aguinaldo's Navy, filmed on .