Vitellius 69 The Roman Empire "officially" begins by tradition in 27 BC when Octavian receives the title "Augustus" -- which then becomes the name by which we know him. We might think that the Empire, Imperium, begins with Augustus becoming Emperor, Imperator, but that is not the case.
Shona, Ndebele Orientation Identification. Zimbabwe is named after Great Zimbabwe, the twelfth- to fifteenth-century stone-built capital of the Rozwi Shona dynasty.
The name is thought to derive from dzimba dza mabwe "great stone houses" or dzimba waye "esteemed houses". Cultural and religious traditions among the Shona, Ndebele and smaller groups of Tonga, Shangaan and Venda have similarities in regard to marriage practices and the belief in supernatural ancestors.
All those groups called on the support of the spirit world in the struggle for independence, which was achieved in European culture and values indelibly shaped the urban and rural landscapes, particularly in terms of the use of space, and the structure and practice of government. Black Zimbabweans have assimilated more white Zimbabwean culture than vice versa.
In these distinct cultures, which generally are referred to as African and European, the most obvious differences are economic. While the white minority lost political power after Independence, it has retained a disproportionate share of economic resources. Zimbabwe is in central southern Africa.
A land-locked country ofsquare milessquare kilometers between the Zambezi River to the north and the Limpopo River to the south, it is bordered by Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zambia.
Most of the country is a high to middle veld plateau with extensive areas of wooded savanna and a temperate climate; the low veld of the Limpopo and the Zambezi Valley is hotter and has less rain.
On the Mozambique border, the only mountainous area, the Eastern Highlands, runs from Nyanga in the north to Chimanimani in the south.
Rainfall is higher in the north of the Eastern Highlands and lower in the Zambezi Valley and the low veld. The capital, Harare, is located in Mashonaland, which covers the eastern two-thirds of the country and is the area where most Shona-speaking people live.
The second city, Bulawayo, is in Matabeleland in the west, where most Ndebele-speaking people live. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the population is estimated to have been about six hundred thousand. The national census estimated it at over ten million, and with a growth rate of 3 percent, it is expected to be over twelve million in About 70 percent of the population lives in rural areas, and Harare and Bulawayo account for most of the approximately 30 percent in urban areas.
The largest ethnic group is collectively known as the Shona and consists of the Manyika, Zezuru, Karanga, Korekore, Rozwi, and Ndau groups, which make up about seventy-six percent of the population. The second largest ethnic group is the Ndebele, consisting of the Ndebele and Kalanga groups, which constitute about 18 percent.
Mashonaland, where most of the Shona live, is a collective term for the eastern two-thirds of the country, and most Ndebele live in the western third of Matabeleland.
Other ethnic groups, each constituting 1 percent of the population, are the Batonga in the Zambezi Valley, the Shangaan or Hlengwe in the low veld, and the Venda on the border with South Africa.
About 2 percent of the population is of non-African ethnic origin, mainly European and Asian.pattern. First, the acquisition of large tracts of land by white settlers for commercial agriculture, until shortly after World War II resulted in a situation in which half the land was owned by well under 1 percent of the population, with limited access to land for the vast majority of the rural population.
PHOTIUS BIBLIOTHECA OR MYRIOBIBLON 1. Register and enumeration of the books read by us, in number, of which our beloved brother Tarasius desired to have a summary.
2 Photius, to his beloved brother Tarasius, in the name of the Lord, greeting. Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property. Some patriarchal societies are also patrilineal, meaning that property and title are inherited by the male lineage.
rites—including the Sacred Pipe—from the White Buffalo Calf Woman. When White and taught family history The continuation of most Native American tribes’ oral traditions relied on female power.
The patriarchal model of kinship imposed by the Europeans, the placement of. The following is a talk I presented at the Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement Conference this past October in Toronto, ON on feminism, patriarchy, and mothering.
South African Communist Party, Discussion Document.
Bua Komanisi State Power Source: Information Bulletin of the Central Committee of the South African Communist Party, Volume 5, Issue No. 1, May , Special Edition. Foreword.